Multi-criteria FUCOM-MAIRCA model for the evaluation of level crossings: case study in the Republic of Serbia

  • Dragan Pamučar University of Defence in Belgrade, Military Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Vesko Lukovac University of Defence in Belgrade, Military Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Darko Božanić University of Defence in Belgrade, Military Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Nenad Komazec University of Defence in Belgrade, Military Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: railway level crossings, FUCOM, MAIRCA, multi-criteria decision making, railway accidents

Abstract

A level crossing, as a point of the crossing of road and rail traffic in the same level, is a place of conflicts subject to traffic accidents. In Serbia, the selection of the level crossings to be secured is mostly done based on the media and society pressure, as a result of an increase of the number of accidents at level crossings. In Serbia, there is no defined methodology for the evaluation of level crossings, respectively, for the development of a strategy for making relevant decision. This paper presents the application of a group multi-criteria FUCOM-MAIRCA (Full Consistency Method – Multi Attributive Ideal-Real Comparative Analysis) model that supports the process of selecting a level crossing in terms of investing in its security equipment. The FUCOM-MAIRCA multi-criteria model is tested in a case study which included the evaluation of ten level crossings within the railway infrastructure in the Republic of Serbia. The evaluation of the crossings is carried out through the assessment according to seven criteria set out on the basis of representative literature and surveys of experts. Sensitivity test of the FUCOM-MAIRCA model is performed by changing the weight coefficients of criteria and statistically processing the results using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.

References

Anandarao, S., & Martland, C. D. (1998). Level crossing safety on east Japan company: application of probabilistic risk assessment techniques. Transportation, 25 (3), 265–286.
Berg, D. W. (1966) Evaluation of Safety at Railroad-Highway Grade Crossings in Urban Areas, Publication FHWA/IN/JHRP-66/16. Joint Highway Research Project, Indiana Department of Transportation and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
Chatterjee, K., Pamučar, D., & Zavadskas, E.K. (2018). Evaluating the performance of suppliers based on using the R’AMATEL-MAIRCA method for green supply chain implementation in electronics industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 184, 101-129.
Ćirović,G., & Pamučar, D. (2013). Decision support model for prioritizing railway level crossings for safety improvements: Application of the adaptive neuro-fuzzy system. Expert Systems with Applications, 40(6), 2208-2223.
Crecink, W. J. (1958). Evaluating Hazards at Railway Grade Crossings, Proceedings, Highway Research Board, Washington D. C.
Elzohairy, Y.M., & Benekohal R.F. (2000). Evaluation of Expected Accident Frequency Formulas for Rail-Highway Crossings: Report No. ITRC FR 98-102. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois.
European Railway Agnecy (2011). Railway safety performance in the European Union.
Ford, G., & Matthews, A. (2002). Analysis of Australian grade crossing accident statistics. In Seventh international symposium on railroad-highway grade crossing research and safety. Melbourne.
Gigović, Lj., Pamučar, D., Bajić, Z., & Milićević, M. (2016). The combination of expert judgment and GIS-MAIRCA analysis for the selection of sites for ammunition depot. Sustainability, 8(4), article No. 372, 1-30.
Jankovic, S., & Mladenovic, S. (2011). Integration Platform As-A-Service In The Traffic Safety Area, Mosharaka International Conference on Communications, Networking and Information Technology, Dubai, UAE, 2011, 70-75.
Jankovic, S., Mladenovic, S., Veskovic, S., & Branovic, I. (2014). Information System For Decision Support At Railways Based On WCF Data Services. International Conference Sinteza - Impact of the Internet on Business Activities in Serbia and Worldwide, https://doi.org/ 10.15308/sinteza-2014-841-845, 841-845.
Woods, M. D, MacLauchlan, I., Barrett, J., Slovak, R., Wegele, S., Quiroga, L., Berrado, A. El Koursi, E. M., Impastato, S., Baldassarra, A., Godayev, A., Jinghui Liu, Hongyu Zhang, Xianchun Dai, & Zhan Guo. (2008). Report on Risk Modelling Techniques for level crossing risk and system safety evaluation, Safer European Level Crossing Appraisal and Technology (SELCAT), 33-40.
Pamučar D., Stević, Ž., & Sremac, S. (2018a). A New Model for Determining Weight Coefficients of Criteria in MCDM Models: Full Consistency Method (FUCOM). Symmetry, 10(9), 393, 1-22.
Pamučar, D., Atanasković, P, & Miličić, M. (2015). Modeling of fuzzy logic system for investment management in the railway infrastructure. Tehnicki vjesnik, 22(5), 1185-1192.
Pamučar, D., Mihajlović, M., Obradović, R., & Atanaskovic, P. (2017). Novel approach to group multi-criteria decision making based on interval rough numbers: Hybrid DEMATEL-ANP-MAIRCA model. Expert Systems with Applications, 88, 58-80.
Pamučar, D., Petrović, I., & Ćirović, G. (2018b). Modification of the Best-Worst and MABAC methods: A novel approach based on interval-valued fuzzy-rough numbers. Expert Systems with Applications, 91, 89-106.
Park, P. (2007). Estimating effectiveness of countermeasures based on multiple sources: Applications to highway-railway grade crossings. Ph.D., University of Waterloo (Canada), Canada.
Qureshi M., Virkler, M. R., Kristen L., Bernhardt, S., Spring, G., Avalokita, S., Yathapu, N., Chilukuri, V., King, T., & Gibbons, K. (2003). Highway Rail Crossing Project Selection, Missouri Department of Transportation.
Reiff, R. P., Gage, S. E., Carroll, A. A., & Gordon, J. E. (2003). Evaluation of Alternative Detection Technologies for Trains and Highway Vehicles at Highway Rail Intersections. Washington, D.C.: Federal Railroad Administration.
Roop, S. S., Roco, C. E., Olson, L. E., & Zimmer, R. A. (2005). An Analysis of Low-Cost Active Warning Devices for Highway-Rail Grade Crossings. Texas: Texas Transportation Institute.
Tey, L.-S., Ferreira, L. & Dia, H. (2009). Evaluating cost-effective rail-road level crossing protection systems. 32nd Australasian Transport Research Forum. Auckland, New Zealand.
Law on Road Traffic Safety (2018). Zakon o bezbednosti saobraćaja na putevima, Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije. (In Serbian).
Published
2018-12-19
How to Cite
Pamučar, D., Lukovac, V., Božanić, D., & Komazec, N. (2018). Multi-criteria FUCOM-MAIRCA model for the evaluation of level crossings: case study in the Republic of Serbia. Operational Research in Engineering Sciences: Theory and Applications, 1(1), 108-129. Retrieved from http://www.oresta.org/index.php/oresta/article/view/10